It sounds like you would be looking for either Bambusa textilis or Bambusa oldhamii. These are both called Giant Timber Bamboo in the nursery trade. Bambusa is also the clumping genus of bamboos, so these would be your best choice.
I have a clump of Giant Timber Bamboo (not sure which species) in the back yard; it was in a 70-gallon pot when I got it, but it's producing canes up to 30 feet tall and 3+ inch diameter now (four years later).
Keep in mind that even though these are 'clumpers,' they still will continue to spread out. Mine has about doubled in footprint size since I put it in the ground...