I have one of those pink, furry ones from a DIY store in the UK, but I don't know what precise ancestry the hybrids have, or whether they have names. I believe that all of your plants are hybrid pahiopedilums, and not phragmipediums (which are much rarer in cultivation, usually larger growing and often quite expensive). All of them will grow in diffused light or partial shade. They are mostly lithophytes and terrestrial growers (though a complex hybird may involve epiphytes too)and generally want a compost similar to that on forest floors, mostly bark with some peat and maybe leafmould or ground bark. Water when the soil dries out. They dont form many roots, which are thick, and dark brown, and the plants are reasonably drought-tolerant, and cope well with low humidity as houseplants. They appreciate a winter minimum of around 55F. Mine flower anually with no special treatment.
.Originally Posted by [b
That's cyprepedium calceolus you are talking about, still quite common in other countries. It's available in the horticultural trade in the UK from tissue culture. Digging up wild plants would reduce the genetic variety in the wild. It's also illegal, as is reintroducing plants without a license.