Could someone explain what are the meanings of them?
I am naive [img]http://www.**********.com/iB_html/non-cgi/emoticons/new/smile_m_32.gif[/img]
hk cps gallery
Hmmm.........I'm not sure, but I would have to guess :
f : family
just a guess [img]http://www.**********.com/iB_html/non-cgi/emoticons/new/smilie4.gif[/img]
Where did you see them?
The mind is like a parachute, it only works when it's open.
I would be happy to explain.
ssp. abd subsp. are both abbreviations for "subspecies" which is just below the rank of species.
Usually subspecies are very similar to the species but have a consistently different character in different populations, and this difference is genetic.
Often subspecies have evolved to exploit a specific niche, and are on the way to becoming species in their own right as genetic drift places them further apart from their origins.
Once a subspecies is published, it always creates another subspecies: the original species. *Once Drosera filiformis ssp. tracyi was published, it also created D. filiformis ssp. filiformis from which it was split on the basis of a certain different characteristic which the population shares.
Var. is the abbreviation for "variation". *It is below subspecies in rank, but above forma. *It is reserved for those examples which differ but little from the species, but may have some important variation: a different flower or leaf color for example. Variations may become very successful, and out compete their progenitors: a different flower color might attract a better pollinator, leading to better seed set and dispersal. So variations are always coming up out of the genetic recombination that happens during sexual reproduction. Like a deck of cards: some hands are winning hands, some are losers. The winners pass on their qualities to another generation. The numbers point out if it is a random or successful variation.
The final one f. is the abbreviation for "Forma". *There are no legitimate "forma" publications in Drosera. *Forma is applied to the least difference in form. *It is very much similar to variety, but even more restrictive, and usually refer to a minor quality or character.
Technically you could have a Drosera capensis ssp. erectifolia var. rubra f. hirsttum, except it would never pass review. *Most taxonomists work towards lumping things together , vs splitting them apart, which is why there is just D. capensis, and D. spatulata, with no legitimate publications beyond the species level.
The order of rank is aways from the most general qualities to the most specific. Hence, Genus, species, subspecies, variety, and forma in that order.
It is a matter of intense field study to be able to get the feel for what a plant population is doing by way of speciation. *These determinations can only come from studying a very large number of individuals within a population. *Drosera is such a variable genus that it takes much more than seeing a different looking plant and deciding to simply call it a variety. *It always comes down to numbers: how many individuals within a population are expressing a certain trait, and how far does their range extend? Those are essential questions in determining the taxonomic rank within a population.
Hope this helps!
"Grow More, Share More"
f = form
var = variey
ssp. and subsp = sub species
very useful to me
How does D.spec floating come from?i still do not understand [img]http://www.**********.com/iB_html/non-cgi/emoticons/new/confused.gif[/img]
This is what is known in taxonomy and botany as a "bogus" name. It is a name that someone, somewhere, sometime gave to some plant. Because there is no publication, there is no way to know what the plant really is. It is not in a herbarium record to look at, and nothing is in print describing it. There is no way of saying what it is, or isn't. Three people may be growing 3 different species all with this name. Who has the right one? There is no way of knowing. It is most unscientific.
Occasionally a botanist will make a collection, and not wish to publish until a later date, and this sort of "SP." name is temporarily given to the material.
Merchants use the name to sell interesting Drosera variations that have no other name to set them apart, although now that we have cultivar registration this could be easily fixed.
Personally, I hate the use of the "Sp." names. Once I get my hands on a "Sp." species and can confirm that the form is in wide circulation under that name, I will publish and register it. Once it is published with a photo, it is defined for all time, for everyone, and intelligent discussion becomes possible. Until then, without collection data, it is all just opinion.
"Grow More, Share More"
Drosera spec floating is growing in SAF in the north of Hermanus. It is very similar to D. admirabilis. The "spec" is used, if you collect a plant and can't name it directly in the field. Some of them are plants, that will be published later as new species. In the case of D. spec floating, the name comes form the unusual behaviour of these plants. D. spec floating sometimes has to cope with a water level of about 5cm. If this is the case, the plants produce stems to bring the rosette above the water. This is where the name comes from. Be aware, that all the "spec"-descriptions are not valid names!